What is Changing?
The DNA of M. luteus can be modified to produce the enzyme soluble methane monooxygenase and the CO2 fixing organelles: carboxysomes.
Costa J.R. Genome Editing Using Engineered Nucleases and Their Use in Genomic Screening. NCBI. November 2017. Retrieved March 27 2019 from
Crispr Cas9 is a relatively new piece genetic engineering sparking some excitement in the science world which allows a gene to be targeted and then altered.
There are two components: the Cas9 enzyme and a specialized piece of the guide RNA. The Cas9 enzyme creates a CRISPR complex to attach itself to the DNA.
This complex identifies the target DNA sequence and begins to unzip the DNA. After it’s unzipped, it cuts the DNA at a specific area in the genome called double strand breaks.
This allows for the sequence of interest to be inserted into the target DNA thus genetically modifying it