Climate

Change

Cause

Carbon dioxide and methane consist of 91% of emissions in the United States. Global temperatures have risen 0.8°C since 1880 due to mass production of carbon dioxide and methane. 

Effect

Our oceans have increased by 0.4 degrees Fahrenheit since 1969. In the last century, oceans have risen 8 inches. But in the past two decades, rapid production of greenhouse gases has caused a spiked increase in sea levels to be almost double that amount largely due to snow, sea ice, and glaciers melting at a much quicker rate.

Climate change is affecting a variety of vulnerable species that find it difficult to adapt suddenly. Recently, scientists recognized the first mammal to go extinct because of climate change (Bramble Cay melomys). If greenhouse gas production does not decrease soon, biodiversity on our planet faces a huge threat.

The UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change issued a Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C entailing that Earth has twelve years to limit climate change to 1.5℃ above pre-industrial levels before irreversible effects take place. They mentioned that it is a direct result of greenhouse gases in our atmosphere.

Causes we are focusing on

Methane is 84 times more potent than the CO2, making it more effective at absorbing heat.

40% of the CO2 in our atmosphere today will still be around 100 years from now, 20% for the next 1,000 years, and 10% will still be here in 10,000.

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