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Website Images: 


Bypass Image:

“Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery.” Cardiovascular Surgery, Lifespan,

Types of heart disease image:


Stent Image: 

Angioplasty with Stent Placement.

CT SCAN Image:

Editorial Team, MD. Chest CT Scan for Lung Cancer Pros and Cons, Medical Dialogues, 22 Aug. 2021,

Electromagnetic Waves:

Electromagnetic Wave (Light Wave) vs. Mechanical Wave, Webb Space Telescope, 2 July 2021,

CC Bot, Artery illustrations, and  biosensor animation  created by CC Bot team.


Statistics for problem statement:

“1 In 4 Americans Refuse Medical Care Because They Can't Afford It.” New York Post, New York Post, 7 June 2017,


“World Bank and WHO: Half the World Lacks Access to Essential Health Services, 100 Million Still Pushed into Extreme Poverty Because of Health Expenses.” World Health Organization, World Health Organization,


Present Technology:

Griffin, Andrew. “It's Now Far Easier to Self-Diagnose on Google.” The Independent, Independent Digital News and Media, 21 June 2016,

Elsevier. 10th Edition, Mosby, betes.

Smith, Chris. “How Wearables Can Detect Sport's Deadly Invisible Injuries.” Wareable, 27 Apr. 2017,




Bryan Smith/Michigan State University. “Nanoparticle Helps Eat Away Deadly Arterial Plaque.” New Atlas, 29 Jan. 2020,

“Portable Device Can Detect Heart Attacks.” Daily Mail Online, Associated Newspapers, 10 Sept. 2002,


“Wireless Wearable Biosensor for Vital Signs Monitoring | Philips Healthcare.” Philips,


“Wearables for Managing Epidemics.” Wearable Technologies, 24 May 2017,


“Wearables for Managing Epidemics.” Wearable Technologies, 24 May 2017,, Ashley. “COMM 303-50 Final Project.” LinkedIn SlideShare, 6 Dec. 2014,


“Wearable Hydration Monitor.” LVL,

Brain, Marshall. “How Fast Does Blood Flow throughout the Human Body?” BrainStuff, Stuff Media, 30 Sept. 2009,


Kidney Wearable:

 Rahman, Lu. “Wearable Kidney Monitor Receives Innovation Award.” Medical Plastics News, Medical Plastics News, 18 May 2017,


“What Do Doctors Look for in Biopsy and Cytology Specimens?” American Cancer Society,



Craig Freudenrich, Ph.D. “How Ultrasound Works.” HowStuffWorks Science, HowStuffWorks, 28 June 2018,


Ultrasound Image: 

“Ultrasound Won't Help Broken Bones Heal, Expert Panel Says.” UPI, UPI, 23 Feb. 2017,



“Weather Instruments.” Ice-Albedo Feedback: How Melting Ice Causes More Ice to Melt - Windows to the Universe,



“What Is A Sensor? - Definition from”,

“GCSE Bitesize: The Role of Sensors in Control.” BBC, BBC,



How The Computer Works: The CPU and Memory,

How Do Computers Work? A Simple Introduction.” Explain That Stuff, 25 Dec. 2018, 

“SSD vs HDD.” - Storage Reviews, 2 Dec. 2011,


“Positive and Negative Aspects.” Nanotechnology ,


Winchester, Henry. “A Brief History of Wearable Tech.” Wareable, 6 May 2015,


“Who Invented Eyeglasses?” Reference, IAC Publishing,




“Infographic: The History of Wearables.” Philips,


“Nike+.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 14 Sept. 2018,

“Apple Watch.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 22 Jan. 2019,


Powering the Robot:

“Harnessing Body Heat to Power Electronic Devices.” - News and Articles on Science and Technology,,

Davis, Sam. “Body Heat Can Be the Source of Power for Wearable Devices.” Power Electronics, 6 July 2017,

Browne, Jack. “Harvesting Energy from RF Sources.” Microwaves & Radio Frequency, 23 Mar. 2017,


Pollution Wearable

Harvey, Chelsea. “How Wearable Technology Could Change the Way We Think about Air Pollution.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 28 June 2016,


Alba, Davey. “This Wearable Detects Pollution to Build Air Quality Maps in Real Time.” Wired, Conde Nast, 27 Nov. 2017,


Image -



Nanotechnology: “What Is Nanotechnology?” What Is Nanotechnology? | Nano,

Nanorobotics: “Nanorobotics.” ScienceDaily, ScienceDaily,


Howell, Joel D. “Coronary Heart Disease and Heart Attacks, 1912-2010.” Medical History, Medical History, July 2011,


“C-Reactive Protein Test.” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 21 Nov. 2017,


Reddy. “Heart Diseases Types, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Prevention Experts Tips.” Diary Store, 24 Dec. 2018, 

“Carotid Ultrasound.” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 1 Nov. 2018,


Craig Freudenrich, Ph.D. “How Ultrasound Works.” HowStuffWorks Science, HowStuffWorks, 27 Jan. 2020,


Dean, Laura. “Blood and the Cells It Contains.” Blood Groups and Red Cell Antigens [Internet]., U.S. National Library of Medicine, 1 Jan. 1970,


“Do You Know Which Blood Tests Can Point to Heart Disease?” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 17 Dec. 2019,


Sliwa, et al. “50th Anniversary of the First Human Heart Transplant-How Is It Seen Today?” OUP Academic, Oxford University Press, 7 Dec. 2017,


“Defibrillation.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 29 Jan. 2020,


“Timeline of Heart Innovations & Discoveries.” Cedars,


Web Image of Stent

Web Image of Heart


Bing, Microsoft,

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